Many, Much, dan A Lot merupakan beberapa bentuk quantifier dalam Bahasa Inggris yang perlu kita pahami penggunaannya. Jika di artikan dalam bahasa Indonesia, ketiga kata tersebut memiliki arti yang sama, yaitu “banyak”.

Dalam tata bahasa, quantifier adalah jenis penentu, seperti semua, beberapa, banyak, sedikit, banyak, dan tidak, yang menunjukkan jumlah atau kuantitas suatu hal. Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari setidaknya akan ditemukan tiga kategori quantifiers.

  • Some and Any (Beberapa)
  • Many, Much, and A Lot (Banyak)
  • A Few, Few and a Little, Little (Sedikit)

Pada kesempatan kali ini, mari kita pelajari perbedaan penggunaan dari many, much, a lot.

Many

Many digunakan untuk kata benda (noun) yang dapat dihitung (countable), seperti buku, sepeda, orang, kursi, dan yang lainnya. Penggunaan many memiliki beberapa tingkatan.

  • Many (Banyak)
  • Very Many (Sangat Banyak)
  • Too Many (Terlalu Banyak)

Contoh :

Terdapat ruangan untuk 50 murid.

Jika terdapat 30 muridJika terdapat 49 muridJika terdapat 70 murid
ManyVery manyToo many

Mungkin tidak banyak yang menggunakan frasa very many, karena frasa tersebut memiliki arti yang sama dengan so many.

Very Many = So Many

Contoh :

  1. There are many student
  2. There are very many student
  3. There are so many student
  4. There are too many student
  5. Many books.
  6. Many people.
  7. Many houses.
  8. Many people were hurt in the accident.
  9. Were many of the passangers hurt in the accident.
  10. Do many of the boys live in the apartements?
  11. Did many of the students come to the Chaptery last night?
  12. How many students were absent today?
  13. How many questions did he ask you?
  14. How many people attended the meeting last night?
  15. Not many of students can speak Arabic well.

Much

Much digunakan untuk menyatakan kata benda (noun) yang tidak dapat dihitung (uncountable), seperti air, garam, pasir, dan yang lainnya. Penggunaan Much juga memiliki beberapa tingkatan.

  • Much (Banyak)
  • Very Much (Sangat Banyak)
  • Too Much (Terlalu Banyak)

Frasa very much juga memiliki makna yang sama dengan so much.

Very Much = So Much

Contoh :

  • Much water.
  • Much money.
  • Much rice.
  • Much bread.
  • There is much student.
  • There is very much student.
  • There is so much student.
  • There is too much student.
  • Much information is necessary before we write a report.
  • Not much of the discussion was interesting.
  • Was much of the discussion was interesting ?
  • Is much of the furniture new?
  • How much does it cost to repair the watch?
  • How much is the price?

Artikel Terkait : Conditional Sentence

A Lot

A Lot of bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan kata benda baik yang dapat dihitung (countable noun) maupun yang tidak dapat dihitung (uncountable noun).

Contoh :

  • I need a lot of books.
  • I buy a lot of sugar.
  • There is a lot of beautiful scenery in the mountain.
  • There area a lot of traffic accidents today.
  • We don’t have a lot of information about it.

Pada penggunaannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari kita sering menjumpai sedikit perubahan pada tiga kata di atas. Hal ini digunakan untuk menyatakan kata benda yang jumlahnya banyak sekali.

A great number of, a good many, and a great many

Frasa di atas digunakan untuk menyatakan countable nouns yang jumlahnya banyak sekali.

Contoh :

  • There are a great number of students in the field.
  • A great number of people were hurt in the accident.
  • There are a great number of traffic accidents today.
  • He has a good many skills.
  • He has a great many skills.

A great deal of, a good deal of, and a great quantity of

Frasa di atas digunakan untuk menyatakan uncountable nouns yang jumlahnya banyak sekali.

Contoh :

  • There is a great deal of water in the wet season.
  • We have a great quantity of oil in the ground.
  • A great deal of information is necessary.
  • There is a great deal of beautiful scenery in the mountain.

Plenty of

Plenty of dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan penggunaan kata much. Perbedaannya, frasa plenty of bisa digunakan untuk countable nouns maupun uncountable nouns. Plenty of biasa digunakan untuk menyatakan kata benda yang jumlahnya lebih dari cukup.

Contoh :

  • I have plenty of time.
  • I still have plenty of money to spend until next week.
  • Please don’t take plenty of boxes.

Pelajari juga Perbedaan Penggunaan Some and Any